|Acronym ||An abbreviation that sounds like a word formed usually formed from the first letters of a series of words.||PET: Post-Embryo Transfer|
Names with three parts that are the same forwards and backwards.
||Two names starting with the same letter or same sounding letter.
||Different words using exactly the same letters.
|Anonymous ||Name withheld; sometimes used by authors.||The Federalist Papers|
|Astronym ||Name of a star.||Minchir (Sigma Hydrae) meaning "snake's nose" which is a star in the constellation Hydra|
|Birth Name ||A person's name at birth. In some Asian cultures, this may also be refered to as a "milk name" or "little name" which is changed to the child's permanent name roughly a month after birth when the infant is registered.||Little gem.|
|Charactonym ||Name indicative of a person's personality or character. Although common in modern literature, a similar naming concept has been used by Native American Indians and as nicknames between friends. ||One example is a character in Romeo and Juliet named Mercutio derived from the adjective "Mercurial" meaning "erratic".|
|Cognomen ||The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, or a nickname acquired through usage over a period of time.||Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.|
|Cryptonym ||A word or name that is secretly used to refer to a particular person, place, activity, or thing; a code word or name.||TRIGON was the code name for Aleksandr Ogorodnik, a member of the Soviet Union's Ministry of Foreign Affairs whom the CIA developed as a spy.|
|Demonym ||Refers to inhabitants of a place.||Irish for people from Ireland.|
|Eponym ||Someone who gives their name to something like an object or discovery.||Achilles tendon named after a Greek hero thought to be invincible until struck near his heel by an arrow.|
|Ethnonym ||Name given to an ethnic group.||Bushmen refers to some primitive ethnic groups of Southern Africa.|
|Etymology ||The study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.|
|Family Name ||Hereditary surname of a family often reflective of an ancestor's occupation.||Smith. Carter.|
|Genealogy ||Record of a person's descent from a progenitor; lineage; ancestry.||Often a family tree traced via the male surname.|
||Word in which no letter occurs more than once.
|Homograph ||Words with the same written form but have different meanings (and possibly different pronunciations) which can be very true with names formed from Chinese characters.||Bass might be a type of fish or someone with a low, deep voice. Notice, these have different pronunciations.|
|Homophone ||Words that can be spelled differently but sound the same and have different meanings.||Cee like the letter "C", ci Spanish for yes, sea, and see. |
|Homonym ||Words that sound the same and are even spelled the same but have different meanings.||"Fluke" can mean a fish, end of an anchor, fins on a whale's tail, or a stroke of luck. |
||Name given to a body of water.
||Douglas meaning "from the dark river".
|Logology ||The scientific study of words.|| |
|Maiden Name ||A woman's birth surname prior to adopting her husband's surname upon marriage.|| Victoria Beckham (née Adams), who took the name of her husband David Beckham.|
Names with two parts that are the same forwards and backwards.
Where the left-hand side of the name is the same as the right-hand side of the name and each side is separated by a random character.
|Name Sake ||A person named after someone else usually within the same family.||Fathers sharing the same first name with their first son.|
|Nick Name ||Often a shortened form of your given name, indicating closeness, affection, or humorous attention to a personal characteristic. ||Steve instead of Stephen. "Bones" for your skinny friend, or better yet for your chubby friend.|
|Occupational Name ||Surname originally derived from a person's occupation.||Abbott meaning priest.|
|Odonym ||Name of a street or road.||Main Street. Park Avenue.|
|Onomastics ||The study of proper names and their origin, history, and use.|
Names spelled the same forwards and backwards.
||Surname derived from the father's given name. || Wilson (son of William)|
|Pen Name ||Pseudonyms used by authors to conceal their identity usually to protect them from retribution about their writings. Also known as nom de plume, or literary double.|| Brian O'Nolan used the pen name Flann O'Brien.|
|Pet Name ||Nickname used to express affection for a person. ||Shortie.|
|Pseudonym ||Fictitious name often used to hide an individual's real identity.||King George VI of the United Kingdom (born Albert Frederick Arthur George); Famed con man Jefferson R. Smith, who was known as Soapy Smith.|
Repetition of a word or part of a word often used in Taxonomy when generic and specific names are the same. Linguistically, it is refered to as reduplication.
Naja naja (an Indian Cobra); Bye-bye, Dada,